However, was it really conscious?

The risk of committing to any theory of consciousness is that doing so opens it up to criticism. Sure, self-awareness seems important, but aren’t there other key features of consciousness? Can we call something conscious if it does not make us feel conscious?

Dr. Chella believes that consciousness cannot exist without language, and is developing robots that can create internal monologues, reason for themselves, and reflect on those what they see around them. one of his robots Recently was able to recognize itself in a mirror, which is perhaps the most famous test of animal self-consciousness.

Joshua Bongard, a roboticist at the University of Vermont and former member of the Creative Machines Lab, believes that consciousness does not involve mere cognition and mental activity, but has an essentially physical aspect. They have developed creatures called xenobots, which are completely wired from frog cells so that a programmer can control them like machines. According to Dr. Bongard, it is not that humans and animals have evolved to adapt to their environment and interact with each other; Our tissues have evolved to protect these functions, and our cells have evolved to protect our tissues. He said, “We are intelligent machines made of intelligent machines, made of intelligent machines in all respects.”

This summer, around the same time that Dr. Lipson and Dr. Chen released their latest robot, a Google engineer claimed that the company’s new advanced chatbot, called LaMDA, was conscious and behaved like a small child. was able to do. This claim was met with skepticism, mainly because, as Dr. Lipson said, the chatbot was processing “code that has been written to accomplish a task”. Consciousness had no underlying structure, other researchers said, only the illusion of consciousness. Dr Lipson said: “The robot was not self-aware. It’s like cheating.

But with so much disagreement, who’s to say what cheating is?

Eric Schweitzgebel, a philosophy professor at the University of California, Riverside, who has written about artificial consciousness, said that the issue with this general uncertainty was that at the rate things are moving, mankind will probably develop a robot that Many people think that we become conscious before the criterion of consciousness is agreed upon. When this happens, should robots be given rights? Freedom? Should it be programmed to feel pleasure when it serves us? Will it be allowed to speak for itself? To vote?

(Such questions have fueled an entire subgenre of science fiction, in books by authors such as Isaac Asimov and Kazuo Ishiguro, and in television shows such as “Westworld” and “Black Mirror”.)

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