“The Tea Party movement was more about fighting the Obama administration, Pelosi and Reid,” said a member of that class, Representative Jeff Duncan, Republican of South Carolina.

But, in an echo of what Mr. Gingrich faced in 1998 and a precursor to the current GOP intramural discord, many troubled conservatives have turned their backs on their elected leaders. In 2015, he effectively forced the resignation of Speaker John Boehner. Three dozen of them, including Mr. Duncan, formed the House Freedom Caucus, a band of hell-bent fiscal hard-liners that existed mainly to inconvenience their party’s leaders until 2017, when that leader was President Donald J. Trump. were. ,

Mr. McCarthy, who was then the House majority leader, predicted that the Freedom Caucus would be unable to stand up to Mr. Trump.

“There is no place in this world for them to survive,” he told me.

He was wrong. Within months, the Freedom Caucus rebranded itself as the populist fight club of a Trump mini-me, though that hasn’t always been a good strategic fit. “One problem I had with the Freedom Caucus,” Mr. Duncan said, “was that they often didn’t define in advance what victory looked like. At some point, you have to be willing to say yes.”

Among their new members in 2017 was Mr. Getz, a freshman from Florida. Mr. Duncan sarcastically noted that Mr. Gaetz’s rebellion against Mr. McCarthy included 11 members of the supporting cast who are either newcomers or have only completed one term.

“They don’t know how to operate in a majority, and they are just listening to what others have to say about these rule changes,” Mr. Duncan said. “And then when Kevin gave them 90 percent of what they asked for, they moved the goal posts.” Ultimately, Mr. Gaetz gave way to Mr. McCarthy in the 14th vote and again early Saturday in the 15th vote, when he both times voted “present” rather than no.

Until the fight over the speakership, Gaetz’s biggest ally in the House has been Representative Marjorie Taylor Greene, a staunch Trump loyalist who helped the former president voice her support for McCarthy in writing last week. in an interview Before the House resumed for two more rounds of voting on Friday afternoon, Ms. Green said she had decided to support Mr. McCarthy’s bid for speaker several months ago after he made tough decisions, including not raising the debt. had indicated its willingness to support the straight-line fiscal stance. Roof until certain conditions are met.

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