WASHINGTON — Representative Kevin McCarthy of California captured the votes needed to become speaker after failing three times to win the position on Wednesday, as Republicans began their second day without a leader in control of the House. Deadlocked about how to proceed. Tough-right rebellion.

McCarthy’s consecutive defeat on Tuesday marked the first time in a century that the House has failed to elect a speaker on the first roll call vote, and it was unclear how or when the impasse would be resolved. After a sudden adjournment without leader on Tuesday, the House was due to resume at noon on Wednesday to try to resolve the impasse.

Republican leaders and their allies were trying to get votes behind closed doors. Mr. McCarthy said that he asked former President Donald J. Trump, who supported him, but remained silent on Tuesday during his series of humiliating defeats on the floor of the House.

“We had some really good conversations last night, and now is the time for all members of our great Republican House to vote for Kevin,” Mr Trump wrote in a social media post on Wednesday. He asked Republicans not to “turn a great victory into a colossal and embarrassing defeat”.

“Kevin McCarthy will do a good job, and maybe even a great job – just watch!” Mr Trump added.

For now, an insurgency sparked by weeks-long fasts to protest Mr McCarthy has paralyzed the chamber at the dawn of Republican rule, delaying the swearing in of hundreds of members of Congress, any Legislative work has stopped. and exposing deep divisions that threaten to make the party’s House majority ungovernable.

Mr McCarthy has vowed not to back down until he regains the speakership, raising the prospect of a grueling stretch of votes that could last for days.

“I’m staying until we win,” Mr McCarthy told reporters between the second and third votes on Tuesday. “I know the way.”

The precedent of the House dictates that members continue to vote until one achieves the majority necessary to pass. But as of Tuesday, the House had not failed to elect a speaker on the first roll call vote since 1923, when the election was spread over nine ballots.

It was not clear how long it might take Republicans to resolve their impasse this time, or whether McCarthy had a strategy to bounce back from the embarrassing series. His supporters suggested that he was prepared to drag out the process for some time, believing that his political career was at stake.

“I think Kevin knows this is his last shot, and so he’s going to play it as long as he can,” said Representative Ken Buck of Colorado, who voted for McCarthy three times on Tuesday. Gave. “He backed out once so he could have this chance. He’s not going to get this chance again.”

No viable challenger has emerged, but if McCarthy continues to falter, Republicans could shift their votes to an alternative, such as their No. 2, Representative Steve Scalise of Louisiana.

On Tuesday, right-wing Republicans united behind Representative Jim Jordan of Ohio, a founding member of the ultraconservative House Freedom Caucus, as an alternative to Mr. McCarthy, but Mr. Jordan, a one-time rival, has since backed Mr. McCarthy. have associated themselves with. , urged his allies to unite behind the California Republicans.

But the party has so far refused to do so. The failed votes on Tuesday showed the extent of the opposition Mr McCarthy faces publicly. With all members of the House present and voting, McCarthy needs 218 votes to become speaker, leaving little room for Republican defection as the party only controls 222 seats.

He repeatedly fell short, drawing no more than 203 votes—well below a majority and fewer than the votes received by Representative Hakeem Jeffries of New York, the Democratic leader whose caucus remained united behind him.

Emily Cochrane And Annie Carney Contributed reporting.

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