The agreement ends a standoff that began with a coup in 2021 and involved the US and Russia

The Sudanese military and political parties have agreed to work towards a democratic government, ending a crisis that began last year after the army seized power in a coup.

Signed on Monday by Sudan’s two ruling generals, Abdel-Fattah al-Burhan and Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo, and civilian leaders of the Forces of Freedom and Change coalition, the deal provides for a two-year transition towards democratic elections, and the Sudanese military gives place to Under the control of a civilian prime minister, Reuters reported.

The agreement is the first of two planned deals aimed at restoring political stability in Sudan, but has been boycotted by opposition groups known as Resistance Committees, who have consistently refused to hold talks with the military. A group of former military leaders, who have broken away to form their own political bloc, have also rejected the deal.

Resistance committees have already called for demonstrations against the accord.


Sudan was ruled by Omar al-Bashir from 1989 to 2019, when he was ousted in a military coup and accused of corruption. Al-Burhan stepped down to oversee a four-year transition to civilian rule and appointed Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok to lead the transition. However, after al-Burhan’s forces arrested Hamdok and his cabinet in a series of raids the previous October, al-Burhan announced that from that point on, the army alone would oversee the remaining transition.

The US immediately withheld $700 million in aid to Khartoum after State Department spokesman Ned Price warned Washington would use it. “any and all reasonable measures” To force the African nation back to civilian rule.

Bashir’s relations with the US were equally cold, however, with Sudan under US sanctions since the early 1990s, when Washington accused him of harboring Osama bin Laden. Bashir signed a military cooperation deal with Russia in 2017, and al-Burhan’s government agreed to host a Russian naval base on Sudan’s Red Sea coast in 2020.

In September, John Godfrey, the first US ambassador to Sudan in 25 years, threatened al-Burhan with unspecified “Result” If he follows through with building the base, warns that doing so “Would be detrimental to Sudan’s interest.” US stalled aid package in 2021 reportedly dependent on Sudan Cancelled agreement with Moscow

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