KYIV, Ukraine – Ukraine has claimed a series of successful artillery attacks on Russian barracks in the first days of the year, claiming it hit newly drafted men and other soldiers where they were sleeping or gathering. were killed or injured more than 1,000.

The Russian military has confirmed one of the three waves of claimed attacks, although this has resulted in a far lower death toll than Ukrainians estimated. The low number of 89 soldiers killed in that attack, however, is a shocking blow to the Russian military.

Social media posts, reports from local residents and Russians blogging about military affairs partially confirmed other strikes claimed by Ukraine, but did not confirm casualties.

Military analysts say the use of long-range artillery by the Ukrainians, including US-supplied HIMARS precision rockets, to target the barracks marks a change for artillery forces, which have for months been forced to rely on materiel such as ammunition depots. was focused.

The Ukrainian military’s focus on Russian infantry is one of the first changes it has seen in its strategy with its US-supplied weaponry, in response to the mobilization of hundreds of thousands of troops as Russia collapses. The haphazard movement of additional troops into the combat zone, many of whom were poorly trained and led, presented new targets behind the front lines for howitzers that could hit ranges of more than 20 miles and HIMARS rockets up to about 50 miles. Can, say analysts.

Russian officials say the use of draftees of personal cellphones on New Year’s Eve helped Ukrainians locate a vocational school being used to house soldiers in the town of Makiivka in eastern Ukraine. was killed in the city.

Ukraine said several hundred soldiers were killed or wounded in the attack, while the Russians reported 89 killed. Estimates of casualties cannot be independently confirmed, and armies often exaggerate their enemies’ losses and downplay their own losses. But in this instance, photos of the panicked vocational school, and confirmation of serious losses by the Russian military, show a well-planned strike.

In the following days, the Ukrainian military claimed two more attacks directed at an array of towns in the Kherson and Zaporizhia regions of southern Ukraine, claiming nearly 1,200 casualties in all three sets of simultaneous attacks. It was not clear how credible the claims were.

The Russians downplayed the damage in Zaporizhia and Kherson, but residents of areas adjacent to the occupied territory told Ukrainian authorities that they heard loud explosions at the time of the claimed attacks.

A New York Times analysis of video footage confirmed severe damage at a veterans association in Tokmak, which was attached to a hospital complex, as well as the partial destruction of a four-story building along a commercial street in Vasilievka. Both towns in the Zaporizhzhya region, the Ukrainian military said it had attacked. It was not clear whether Russian soldiers live in any of these buildings.

The claims of Ukrainian casualties may have been intended to demoralize the enemy.

On Friday, Ukrainian officials issued a warning that appeared to be part of a campaign to encourage men in Russia to avoid the draft: Much of Russian-occupied southern Ukraine, they said, is now within range of Ukrainian artillery. .

Andriy Chernyak, a spokesman for Ukraine’s military intelligence agency, told the Ukrainform news agency on Wednesday: “Given that our foreign partners supply us with new types of weapons, the so-called land corridor to Crimea is definitely not safe. ” The reference was to the area along the Sea of ​​Azov connecting southern Russia to the occupied Crimean peninsula, annexed by Russia early in its invasion.

Serhiy Hrabsky, a former colonel of the Ukrainian army who is now a commentator for Ukrainian media, said that the recent attacks suggested that Ukraine had begun trying to target troops deployed as they were deployed.

“We now see a significant number of Russian troops on the front lines,” Mr Hrabsky said.

Lacking enough trucks and other vehicles to disperse troops within range of Ukrainian missiles, he said, Russian commanders have amassed large groups — and vulnerable ones. “They just need the focus to get them from point A to point B,” Mr. Hrabsky said.

Russian bloggers who cover the war, and offer a more unpolished lens on the Russian military than state media, have generally praised the attacks in southern Ukraine despite sharp criticism from the Russian military command for the admitted attack in Makiivka. underestimated.

But bloggers circulated a video on New Year’s Day showing a heavily damaged building, which The Times located at a country club about 28 miles from a town where the Ukrainian military said it had attacked military gatherings. was attacked.

Several military bloggers said that a Russian volunteer may have inadvertently exposed the location of the Grand Prix Country Club site by posting on social media. A man using the name Petr Luzhkovoy posted photos of the site online in November and December and said Russian special forces were present.

The Russian Defense Ministry has not commented on any strikes other than Makiivka. Pro-war Russian correspondents and occupation officials offered limited details of other attacks, saying military losses were minimal while highlighting civilian collateral damage.

Two major Russian military social media channels confirmed a Ukrainian attack in the Chulakovka area of ​​Kherson region on New Year’s Eve without providing casualty estimates. Telegram channel Gray Zone, which is affiliated with the Russian mercenary group Wagner, said the strike affected an agricultural compound near the village, but gave no other details.

A review by The Times of medium-resolution satellite imagery of Chulkovka, as well as the agricultural complex, showed no detectable damage caused by the strike, although that does not mean none occurred.

Radio Liberty cited a local official in the town as saying that the explosion was heard in the area of ​​a pig farm where Russian soldiers were housed.

During a strike in the Zaporizhia region on January 2, residents of nearby towns reported hearing a loud explosion, Dmitro Orlov, the exiled mayor of the Russian-occupied town of Enrhodar, said in a telephone interview.

Pro-Russian bloggers posted about attacks in the region two days after the Ukrainian military announced the attacks and claimed that civilian sites, including a hospital, had been damaged.

Andrew E. Kramer Reported from Kyiv, Ukraine. Reporting was contributed by Alexander Chubko from Kyiv, and by Alina Lobzina And Dmitry Khavin, James Sardam Contributed to production.

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