What Is A CPA? What Do Certified Public Accountants Do?


Praca, Oferty Pracy

What Is a CPA? What Do Certified Public Accountants Do?

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Certified Public Accountants (CPAs) are critical in today’s complex and ever-changing business environment.

CPAs are responsible for providing reliable financial information, assisting with tax preparation, and ensuring the accuracy of financial reports, among other responsibilities.


The CPA designation is a prestigious certification that signifies high competence and adherence to professional standards.

Here you will learn more about what a CPA is, the roles and responsibilities of certified public accountants, and the process of obtaining a CPA license.

In addition, we will look at the various career paths and specializations available to CPAs, as well as the importance of ethics and professionalism in accounting.


What is cost per conversion?

CPA or Certified Public Accountant is a title awarded to accounting professionals who meet certain educational, exam, and experience requirements.

They have the knowledge and experience to provide a variety of accounting services, including financial accounting, tax preparation, auditing and advisory services.

The distinction between a CPA and a non-CPAaccounting professional is critical. A non-CPA may have an accounting degree and perform accounting or financial reporting tasks.

However, the CPA passed the rigorous Uniform CPA Exam, completed the work experience requirements, and obtained a license from the relevant government accounting boards. This license indicates a higher level of knowledge and competence in the field of accounting.


The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) is the national professional organization representing certified public accountants in the United States.

It sets professional standards, provides resources, and supports CPAs in their careers by offering continuing education and professional development opportunities.

What education and licensing CPA requirements?

To become a Chartered Accountant, candidates must meet certain educational and licensing requirements. These include:

Education: Applicants must have a bachelor’s degree in accounting or a related field. Some states also require a master’s degree or a certain number of semester hours in accounting courses to be eligible for a license.


Unified CPA Exam

The National Association of State Boards of Accountancy (NASBA) CPA Uniform Examination is a comprehensive and challenging test that assesses a candidate’s knowledge and skills in various areas of accounting.

The exam consists of four sections:

  • AUD: audit and certification.
  • BEC: Business environment and concepts.
  • FAR: Financial accounting and reporting.
  • REG: Regulation.

Please note that candidates must complete all four sections within 18 months. After passing, you can get a CPA certificate.

Licensing requirements

Every state has State Board of Accountancy responsible for CPA licensing. These councils set the requirements for applicants, education and experience to obtain a license.

Generally, CPA candidates must complete a certain number of hours of work experience under the supervision of a licensed CPA before being granted a CPA license. In addition, continuing professional education is required in some states to maintain a license.

Connected: How can I help my CPA?

What job opportunities are available to CPAs?

CPAs have a wide range of career opportunities available to them, including work in:

  • Public Accounting Firms: CPAs can work for large, medium, or small public accounting firms, providing services such as auditing, tax planning, and advising clients in a variety of industries.
  • Government Agencies: CPAs may work for federal, state, or local government agencies such as Internal Revenue Service (IRS), managing budgets and financial reports, and enforcing financial regulations.
  • Nonprofit Organizations: CPAs can work for nonprofit organizations by overseeing financial records, managing budgets, and enforcing tax laws and regulations.
  • CFO and CFO positions: CPAs with extensive experience and expertise can rise to senior positions such as chief financial officer (CFO) overseeing the organization’s financial operations and strategy.

Connected: How to choose the best CPA firm for your startup or business

What services do CPAs provide?

CPAs provide a variety of services, including:

  • Financial Accounting: Preparing and maintaining financial reports and records to ensure accurate and reliable financial information.
  • Preparation of Taxes and Tax Returns: Helping individuals and businesses prepare and file tax returns while enforcing tax laws.
  • Audits and Attestations: Conducting audits to verify the accuracy and fairness of financial statements and to provide confidence in the reliability of financial information.
  • Financial Planning and Advisory Services: Helping clients achieve their financial goals by providing investment, budgeting, and financial management advice.

Regardless of which area of ​​accounting you choose, a CPA career can be both exciting and rewarding. The job offers opportunities for growth and the opportunity to work with clients from all walks of life.

This is why so many people pursue a career in accounting and become certified public accountants.

What are the specializations in the CPA profession?

CPAs can specialize in specific areas of accounting based on their interests and career goals.

Some of these specializations include:

Forensic accounting expertise

This specialization includes investigating financial fraud, disputes and other irregularities. Forensic accountants may work with law enforcement, legal groups, or businesses to uncover financial irregularities and help resolve disputes.

financial planning

CPAs specializing in financial planning advise individuals and businesses on various aspects of financial management such as investing, retirement planning, and estate planning.


Tax professionals focus on tax compliance, planning, and advising individuals, businesses, and nonprofits. They help clients navigate complex tax laws and regulations, minimize tax liability, and take advantage of tax savings opportunities.

Non-commercial and government accounting

CPAs working in this field focus on the unique accounting and financial reporting requirements of non-profit organizations and government agencies. They enforce specific rules and help with budgeting and financial management.

Consulting services

CPA consultants provide specialized advice and solutions to businesses on a variety of financial, operational and strategic issues such as M&A, business valuation and risk management.

What are the ethical and professional principles in the CPA profession?

Ethics and professionalism are important components of the CPA profession. To maintain public confidence and uphold the reputation of the profession, certified public accountants must adhere to AICPA rules. moral codewhich outlines their ethical responsibilities and provides guidance on maintaining the highest standards of integrity and professionalism.

Continuing Professional Education (CPE) is another important aspect of ethical standards.

CPAs are required to complete a certain number of CPE hours each year to keep up to date with the latest industry trends, changes in laws and regulations, and accounting best practices.

Connected: How leaders and their teams thrive through continuing education

Consider a CPA career

If you are interested in a career in accounting, then a CPA is a great option. With the right education, experience, and willingness to learn, you can become a successful Chartered Accountant and enjoy a successful career filled with many opportunities.

If you want to know more, check Entrepreneur for other detailed articles on accounting and other financial topics.


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